Hybrid CoE Trend Report 5: Trends in China’s Power Politics

- July 10, 2020

The future direction of China, under the increased economic and institutional pressure both domestically and internationally, means that the use of hybrid threats in its modes of power projection are likely to intensify.This Hybrid CoE Trend Report looks at China’s strategic emergence in global affairs by highlighting three interrelated trends which inform the rationale and… Read more


Hybrid CoE Trend Report 4: Trends in the Contemporary Information Environment

- May 8, 2020

In the era of hybrid threats, there have been profound changes to the security environment, and these reflect to the information domain. Disinformation’s structure is rapidly developing and becoming ever more effective. Instead of looking at disinformation as Disinformation 2.0 or Disinformation 3.0, 4.0… changes in disinformation should be analysed as Disinformation h.0. The report… Read more


Hybrid CoE Trend Report 3: Hybrid threats and the law: Concepts, trends and implications

by Aurel Sari - April 9, 2020

Almost three decades ago, the end of the Cold War generated a sense of optimism that great power competition and ideological divisions would give way to a more cooperative, democratic and liberal world order. This optimism proved short-lived: civil wars, state failure and ethnic cleansing wrecked hopes for a more peaceful international system. Despite these… Read more


Hybrid CoE Trend Report 2: Western Balkans

by Hanna Smith and Christina Juola (eds.) - March 17, 2020

The Western Balkan region has historically been a battlefield of power politics. Great powers have been competing for territory and influence, aiming to promote their values, influence the course of events, gain the loyalty of the populations, and establish a foothold in the region. The region comprises a “patchwork” in the sense that different religions… Read more


Hybrid CoE Trend Report 1: Putin 4.0 Trends – Is there anything new?

by Hanna Smith and Christina Juola (eds.) - August 16, 2019

Russian politics is often characterized with the words continuity and change. When looking at trends relating to Russia and analysing the implications of these trends for Western countries and especially for Hybrid CoE’s member states, as well as for EU and NATO members, both continuity and change need to be kept in mind. If there is… Read more