Russia has been under Western sanctions since 2014, following the annexation of Crimea and the destabilization of eastern Ukraine. Moscow’s unprovoked invasion of Ukraine on 24 February 2022 triggered a barrage of new sanctions with massive consequences. This Hybrid CoE Strategic Analysis examines the successes and pitfalls of sanctions on Russia and presents conclusions on how to maximize the use of sanctions and their impact – as deterrence and coercion – against Moscow.
A short paper addressing timely questions concerning hybrid threats. Aims to identify gaps in knowledge and understanding, explain processes behind a phenomenon, or highlight trends and future challenges. Aimed at a wider audience of experts and non-experts alike.