This Hybrid CoE Working Paper examines the use and abuse of international law in Russian military training and exercises and their strategic use for geopolitical influence. In addition, the paper studies counteractions and reactions of other states and international organizations, as well as possible legal instruments and methods by which the international community can protect itself from such external influence. The paper emphasizes that there is a need for a coordinated international response and that it is critical for any countermeasures to adhere to international law.
A medium-length paper covering work in progress. Develops and shares ideas on Hybrid CoE’s ongoing research/workstrand themes, or analyzes actors, events or concepts that are relevant from the point of view of hybrid threats.