Disruptions to shipping and other malicious maritime activities may have immediate and/or long-term effects leading to serious economic and political consequences. This Hybrid CoE handbook establishes a taxonomy of 15 maritime hybrid threat scenarios, each of which is followed by a short legal analysis. The handbook aims at supporting the Participating States, the EU and NATO by helping them to inform policymakers and maritime operators, such as naval and coast guard officers, about the legal context of possible maritime hybrid operations; and providing a structure for policy and concept development, operational planning, exercises, and setting technical requirements.
A finalized piece of analysis on a topic related to hybrid threats, based on one or several research questions. May be either a conceptual analysis or based on a concrete case study with empirical data.