The fluidity of ‘Hybrid Threats’ makes them hard to theoretically grasp, and practically counter. This Working Paper encourages security practitioners to draw on insights from established work on resilience and civil preparedness. Resilience ensures that households, communities, societies, infrastructure and states are able to withstand and recover from shocks. Building resilience is an important part of the answer to hybrid threats, with its objective of normality juxtaposed to the chaos in which such threats thrive. The paper is written by Roger Clarke, Baltic Resilience Advisor, Foreign & Commonwealth Office, UK Government, and Dr Owen Jackson, Assistant Director – International Resilience, Civil Contingencies Secretariat, Cabinet Office, UK Government.