Strategic Analysis September 2018: Understanding Russia’s Influence in the Western Balkans

by Dimitar Bechev - October 15, 2018

The prospect of a settlement between Athens and Skopje and further expansion of the Atlantic Alliance, as well as the prospect of the EU embarking on membership talks with yet another local country, undercuts Russian influence in the Balkans, writes Dr. Dimitar Bechev, a nonresident senior fellow with the Atlantic Council’s Eurasia Center.


Strategic Analysis August 2018: Cyberspace – Just another domain of election interference?

by Liisa Past - August 31, 2018

Cyberspace, and particularly election technology, has become a new domain for those who wish to suppress or interfere with the key processes of democratic societies in order to further their own ends, writes Liisa Past, Next Generation Leader at the McCain Institute for International Leadership and former Chief Research Officer at the Cyber Security Branch… Read more


Strategic Analysis June-July 2018: How to Deter in Cyberspace

by Mariarosaria Taddeo - June 27, 2018

Deterrence in cyberspace is possible, but it requires an effort to develop a new domain-specific framework. Conventional deterrence does not work in cyberspace, as it does not address the global reach, anonymity, distributed and interconnected nature of this domain, writes Dr. Mariarosaria Taddeo, Research Fellow at the Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford.


Strategic Analysis May 2018: Hybrid threats as a new ‘wicked problem’ for early warning

by Patrick Cullen - June 4, 2018

Hybrid threats are designed to blur the distinction between peace and war, as well as complicate and fall below the target’s detection and response thresholds. The wicked problems created by hybrid threats require new solutions for early warning. – writes Patrick Cullen, Senior Research Fellow at the Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI).


Strategic Analysis April 2018: The resurrection of ‘active measures’: Intelligence services as a part of Russia’s influencing toolbox

by Ivo Juurvee - May 2, 2018

Russia’s Intelligence Services (RIS) are a key instrument in the country’s toolbox of hostile influence exerted abroad. As such, they are no mere ad hoc arrangement by some spy chief, nor a paranoid delusion of the West, but rather an integral function in accordance with Russian legislation and based on a long tradition. Indeed, their… Read more


Strategic Analysis March 2018: Countering Hybrid Threats: Role of Private Sector Increasingly Important – Shared Responsibility Needed

by Jarno Limnéll - March 26, 2018

In many Western countries, 80–90% of all critical infrastructure 
is owned and operated by the private sector. The first line of defence often resides outside of the government and lands squarely on the shoulders of private industry. It is important 
to protect critical infrastructure 
(e.g. energy supply chains, transport, public health), since an unconventional attack… Read more


Strategic Analysis February 2018: Beyond Fake News: Content confusion and understanding the dynamics of the contemporary media environment

by Katja Valaskivi - February 28, 2018

The new Strategic Analysis paper published by Hybrid CoE is discussing the effects of new media technology to civil society. In current media environment, the agreements of the pre-internet time about contents and contexts no longer apply. A piece of news can still be news, but it can also be an advertisement, propaganda, manipulation, PR… Read more


Strategic Analysis January 2018: Blurred Lines: Hybrid Threats and the Politics of International Law

by Aurel Sari - January 29, 2018

The first Strategic Analysis paper of 2018 is written by Dr Aurel Sari, Senior Lecturer in Law at Exeter University (UK). The paper explores the blurred line between peace and war from an international law perspective and argues that Western States and institutions should strengthen their capabilities to defend their interests in the legal domain… Read more


Strategic Analysis December 2017: Laws in the Era of Hybrid Threats

by Tiina Ferm - December 29, 2017

The December Strategic Analysis paper by Tiina Ferm, Counselor in Legislative Affairs at the Finnish Ministry of the Interior, deals with legal questions. Ferm highlights how the internal and external security are today intertwined, how laws have become tools of influence and gives some examples how in Finland the legal aspects are addressed.


Strategic Analysis November 2017: Is Russia’s Energy Weapon Still Potent in the Era of Integrated Energy Markets?

by Agnia Grigas - November 30, 2017

The second Strategic Analysis paper from Hybrid CoE is by Agnia Grigas. Dr. Grigas outlines how the energy sector will remain at risk from a mix of hybrid threats such as cyber attacks, propaganda, and conventional and unconventional military threats in the new era of integrated energy markets.