Russia’s Intelligence Services (RIS) are a key instrument in the country’s toolbox of hostile influence exerted abroad. As such, they are no mere ad hoc arrangement by some spy chief, nor a paranoid delusion of the West, but rather an integral function in accordance with Russian legislation and based on a long tradition. Indeed, their… Read more
In many Western countries, 80–90% of all critical infrastructure is owned and operated by the private sector. The first line of defence often resides outside of the government and lands squarely on the shoulders of private industry. It is important to protect critical infrastructure (e.g. energy supply chains, transport, public health), since an unconventional attack… Read more
The new Strategic Analysis paper published by Hybrid CoE is discussing the effects of new media technology to civil society. In current media environment, the agreements of the pre-internet time about contents and contexts no longer apply. A piece of news can still be news, but it can also be an advertisement, propaganda, manipulation, PR… Read more
The first Strategic Analysis paper of 2018 is written by Dr Aurel Sari, Senior Lecturer in Law at Exeter University (UK). The paper explores the blurred line between peace and war from an international law perspective and argues that Western States and institutions should strengthen their capabilities to defend their interests in the legal domain… Read more
The December Strategic Analysis paper by Tiina Ferm, Counselor in Legislative Affairs at the Finnish Ministry of the Interior, deals with legal questions. Ferm highlights how the internal and external security are today intertwined, how laws have become tools of influence and gives some examples how in Finland the legal aspects are addressed.
The second Strategic Analysis paper from Hybrid CoE is by Agnia Grigas. Dr. Grigas outlines how the energy sector will remain at risk from a mix of hybrid threats such as cyber attacks, propaganda, and conventional and unconventional military threats in the new era of integrated energy markets.
The first Strategic Analysis paper by Hanna Smith, Director of Strategic Planning and Responses at Hybrid CoE, explores power dynamics in the international system and particularly how networks are exploited by weaker powers to pursue their political goals.