“The November 25 naval skirmish between Russian and Ukrainian forces in the Kerch Strait highlighted the fraught legal status of the strait and the Azov Sea, a status that Russia has been exploiting in recent months to exert political and economic pressure on Ukraine” writes Dmitry Gorenburg, a Senior Research Scientist in the Strategy, Policy, Plans, and Programs… Read more
“Whereas resilience is a necessary building block in creating a coherent strategy towards Russia, it is nevertheless insufficient when it comes to deterring Russia from unwanted ads”, writes Heine Sørensen and Dorthe Bach Nyemann from the Institute for Strategy at the Royal Danish Defence College.
Besides the attribution challenges posed by covert influence actions, there is a need to develop effective frameworks for assessing and evaluating the effectiveness of overt and covert persuasive communications employed in the hybrid threat security environment, writes Rubén Arcos, lecturer in communication sciences at Rey Juan Carlos University in Madrid.
The prospect of a settlement between Athens and Skopje and further expansion of the Atlantic Alliance, as well as the prospect of the EU embarking on membership talks with yet another local country, undercuts Russian influence in the Balkans, writes Dr. Dimitar Bechev, a nonresident senior fellow with the Atlantic Council’s Eurasia Center.
Cyberspace, and particularly election technology, has become a new domain for those who wish to suppress or interfere with the key processes of democratic societies in order to further their own ends, writes Liisa Past, Next Generation Leader at the McCain Institute for International Leadership and former Chief Research Officer at the Cyber Security Branch… Read more
Deterrence in cyberspace is possible, but it requires an effort to develop a new domain-specific framework. Conventional deterrence does not work in cyberspace, as it does not address the global reach, anonymity, distributed and interconnected nature of this domain, writes Dr. Mariarosaria Taddeo, Research Fellow at the Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford.
Hybrid threats are designed to blur the distinction between peace and war, as well as complicate and fall below the target’s detection and response thresholds. The wicked problems created by hybrid threats require new solutions for early warning. – writes Patrick Cullen, Senior Research Fellow at the Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI).
Russia’s Intelligence Services (RIS) are a key instrument in the country’s toolbox of hostile influence exerted abroad. As such, they are no mere ad hoc arrangement by some spy chief, nor a paranoid delusion of the West, but rather an integral function in accordance with Russian legislation and based on a long tradition. Indeed, their… Read more
In many Western countries, 80–90% of all critical infrastructure is owned and operated by the private sector. The first line of defence often resides outside of the government and lands squarely on the shoulders of private industry. It is important to protect critical infrastructure (e.g. energy supply chains, transport, public health), since an unconventional attack… Read more
The new Strategic Analysis paper published by Hybrid CoE is discussing the effects of new media technology to civil society. In current media environment, the agreements of the pre-internet time about contents and contexts no longer apply. A piece of news can still be news, but it can also be an advertisement, propaganda, manipulation, PR… Read more